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HYDROLOGY

-Hydrogeology and Hydrochemistry Studies

KNMCE employs sciences such as Geology, Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics and experimental techniques to study groundwater properties and to determine how it flows in different media including matrix, fracture and conduit. After monitoring water resources (e.g., aquifers) and collecting necessary data from them, it is possible to construct a conceptual model in order to carry on with next strategies. Groundwater level monitoring, Sampling and monitoring of hydrochemical variables both spatially and temporally, isotopic evaluations, interpretation of hydrochemical analysis, wells hydraulic studies, computation of hydrodynamic coefficients, determination of groundwater flow paths and identification of groundwater flow boundaries are of the necessary steps to build a conceptual model that our hydrology team help clients to carry out them in the best level.

-Geotechnical Water Related Studies

Pour water pressure is of the parameters that must be calculated in a very precise way because of significant effect of this parameter on the stability of slopes and other structures. KNMCE uses best directions to deal with measuring this parameter and construct suitable models based on it.

-Piezometer Network Design

In order to develop knowledge of the bigger picture of hydrogeology, KNMCE has the honor to offer to its clients identification of the best places to construct piezometers and have an adequate network of them to monitor groundwater level variations.

-Numerical Modeling of Groundwater Flow and Transport

Numerical models are of the best approaches to understand how groundwater flows and transports a substance. After constructing a standard conceptual model of pertinent study area, numerical model is developed and calibrated. This company possesses the capacity to conduct this modus operandi in a wide range of industries such as mines dewatering, dams leakage and tunnels stability.

-Surface Water Studies

Surface water resources that might have contribution to those of entering the slope domain of a mine are mainly runoff and surface water channels and to a lesser extent uncontrolled groundwater seepage. KNMCE offers its clients best ways of designing runoff diversion and installation of surface water collector facilities to minimize erosion and back-cutting of slope materials, to decrease transient pore pressure rise and to prevent interramp- scale instability.

-Assessment of Surface Water and Groundwater Interaction

The connection between groundwater and surface water always needs to be assessed especially when dewatering of a mine and evaluating of reaching a contaminant of a lake to downstream resources are of priorities. Development of mixing models, identification of end- member waters and calculation of mixing proportion are conducted by KNMCE to assess the interaction.

-Water Resources Management

When all of the aforementioned studies are conducted and benefit and cost of a project are calculated, the feasibility of the project can be evaluated. Moreover, by doing so, deciding makers can have a plan for the future of the related water resources.